Hemp vs CBD – What is the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil?
It’s a question everyone asks!
Okay, not really, but we’re glad you did. 🙂
These new developments created a surge of CBD brands that often misrepresent the information on the labels causing confusion among consumers, especially when we consider two essentially different products such as CBD oil and hemp oil.
Whether that incorrect promotion is intentional or not isn’t what we’re about to discuss here. Instead, we want to help people new to CBD to understand what differentiates hemp oil from CBD oil and how they can learn to spot the right merchandise.
What is CBD oil?
CBD oil is derived from industrial hemp which is a subspecies of Cannabis sativa plant. The most important difference between industrial hemp and marijuana is that the former contains a high level of cannabidiol or CBD and low level of tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, both of which are phytocannabinoids.
Industrial hemp is cultivated under strictly-defined conditions and, generally speaking, levels of THC must not go over 0.3% (less than 0.3% THC by dry weight in the USA, and less than 0.2% in the EU, for instance).
How is it made?
CBD oil is made from the mature industrial hemp plant and a variety of parts like hemp flowers, leaves, and stalks that are rich in CBD and low in THC. Some manufacturers also call it hemp CBD oil or phytocannabinoid-rich hemp oil.
The two most common ways of extracting CBD from hemp are ethanol extraction and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction (SC-CO2). Both methods are considered to be green technologies as they don’t use any toxic solvents and compounds for the extraction of CBD and are usually used by more reputable producers of CBD products. The SC-CO2 extraction is a costly process which is also one of the reasons that contribute to the higher price of this valuable ingredient.
How is it used?
CBD is used in a variety of pharmaceuticals, food and other products like CBD oil, CBD oil for vaping, essential oils, CBD tinctures, and topical ointments.
What is hemp oil?
Hemp oil is more commonly referred to as hemp seed oil, Cannabis sativa seed oil or virgin hemp oil. It is rich in compounds like antioxidants and omega fatty acids but it does not contain any CBD or THC.
How is it made?
Hemp seed oil is made from hemp seeds only. Type of extraction used to make this highly-nutritious oil is cold pressing which is the same method used for making virgin olive oil and other carrier oils like jojoba and sunflower seed oil.
Cold pressing preserves the nutritive contents of the hemp seeds which contain up to 50% of oil. During the process, the seeds are first de-shelled and then squeezed and the process temperature doesn’t go over 49°C which prevents degradation of all the important oil components.
How is it used?
The hemp seed oil has been used for decades as a superfood and in cooking and it is also widely used in the cosmetics industry. Many hair and skincare products use hemp seed oil as the fatty acids that can be found in it help protect the skin and keep it moisturized.
CBD vs hemp oil Summarized
In the CBD oil vs hemp oil battle, we draw the final differences:
- CBD oil and hemp oil are made from different parts of the Cannabis sativa plant; CBD oil is made from hemp flowers, leaves, and stalks, and hemp oil is made from hemp seeds.
- CBD oil is rich in CBD and low in THC, while hemp oil has antioxidants, fatty acids, and other nutritive compounds. Hemp oil doesn’t contain CBD and THC.
- CBD is extracted from the mature part of the plant by applying the ethanol or SC-CO2 extraction, and hemp oil is extracted through the cold pressing of the hemp seeds.
- CBD oil is used in the pharmaceutical, food, and other products, while hemp oil is used in the food and cosmetics industries.
We hope this clarifies the hemp oil vs CBD oil topic once and for all. 🙂
Are there any other differences you would like to add to the list?
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